Neem - The Omnipotent Tree; A True Gift Of Nature.

Azadirachta Indica - The Neem Tree

Azadirachta indica is a tree belonging to the Meliaceae family. Its centres of origin lie in southern and southeastern Asia. Neem tree grows in tropical and semitropical regions like India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. It is a fast-growing tree with 20 – 23 m height and the trunk is upright with a width around 4 - 5 ft. Neem tree is also known as margosa, the neem leaves are imparipinnate, compound, with each comprising 10–20 leaflets. The fruits are green drupes which become golden yellow on maturing in June–August.

Active Compounds Of Neem

Azadirachta indica shows therapeutic role due to the rich source of antioxidant and other valuable active compounds such as

  • Amino acid
  • Nimbin
  • Nimbiol
  • Nimbanene
  • Nimbandiol
  • Nimbolide
  • Ascorbic acid
  • N-hexacosanol
  • 6-desacetylnimbinene
  • 17-hydroxyazadiradione
  • 7-desacetyl-7-benzoylgedunin
  • 7-desacetyl-7-benzoylazadiradione
  • quercetin & ß-sitosterol
  • polyphenolic flavonoids
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Medicinal Properties - Neem leaves, Flowers, Fruit & Twigs

Nearly all parts of the neem tree are utilised in conventional medicine (e.g., Siddha, Ayurveda, Unani) in many countries, with some varied preparations described. The stem, root bark, and young fruits are used as a tonic and astringent, and the bark has been used as an analgesic to treat cutaneous diseases & skin diseases. The seeds of the tree hold important constituents like gedunin and azadirachtin.

The popularity of natural products or their derivatives role in prevention and diseases cure increasing universally due to less side effect properties. Clinical studies established that neem plays a crucial role in the prevention of several conditions that are associated with humans, animals and plants.

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Neem Leaves

Fresh Neem leaves have antibacterial and antifungal properties. Clinical studies imply that using neem leaf extract gel to the teeth and gums twice daily for six weeks might diminish plaque formation. It also decreases the number of bacteria in the mouth that can create plaque. It can treat skin diseases and infections and also known to be an excellent mosquito repellent.

Neem bark

The Neem bark has been a traditional medicine for skin diseases, stomach & intestinal ulcers, fever & pain.

Neem Flowers

The flowers from the neem tree are made as paste and consumed for reducing bile, controlling phlegm, treating intestinal worms,ulcers, cardiovascular diseases, therapy of leprosy.

Neem Fruit

The fruit is grounded and is applicable for healing for a bloody nose, eye disorders, mucus, haemorrhoids, intestinal infections, urinary tract disorders, diabetes, wounds, and leprosy.

Neem Twigs

Neem twigs are used to treat asthma, cough, haemorrhoids, intestinal worms, low sperm levels, urinary disorders, and diabetes. People in the provincial tropics bite neem twigs instead of using toothbrushes.

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Skincare & Wellness Benefits Of Neem

Neem oil that's derived from neem seeds is rich in medicinal qualities, which are what makes it a significant ingredient in cosmetics and other beauty products. High vitamin E, fatty acid and emollient content of its oil enhances elasticity and decreases wrinkles while moisturising the skin. Neem holds four times the levels of antioxidants than in blueberries, cranberries, and artichokes limiting the production of skin-damaging free radicals.

They are used in varied industries like pharma, cosmetics and personal care products. But the exact molecular mechanism in the prevention of pathogenesis is not understood entirely.

Neem - Pesticide, Insecticide & Manure Applications

Besides being such part of human use, it is also widely used in organic farming of field crops for pesticide and insecticide. Neem leaves are used instead of harsh chemicals like carbofuran, which pollutes the environment and banned in multiple countries. Neem has been in practice for ages in the Indian Agriculture as natural biopesticide and organic fertilizer with pest repellent properties. Neem does not affect the soil quality or pollute water like other pesticides and insecticides.

Using neem instead of other harsh chemicals which leave a harmful residue on the crops and plants could be the key to keeping food pollution down.